Agrochemicals are chemicals use for horticultural crops. These products are natural, synthetic, biological, physical or organic chemicals. Applied to the soil to maintain good nutrition for fruit and vegetable production.
Agrochemicals can provide better protection against pests, diseases, open spaces, and favor the production of better quality vegetables. Fertilizers are the most common type of agrochemicals use in vegetable gardens. These products contain nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium to improve the nutrient value of the soil. These elements help promote plant growth, stimulate food production, enhance disease resistance, improve coloration, and can improve soil quality.
Pesticide applications are also a common choice of agrochemicals for vegetable crops. These products control, kill or organize the spread of insects. Weeds and other crop enemies that can damage or impair food production. Sometimes a mixture of different chemicals is necessary to combat all possible problems. Herbicides are also an important category of agrochemicals. These products control the presence of weeds in the soil. Weeds can affect food production by competing for nutrients and plant space. A good herbicide application helps keep crops healthy and strong, providing the best possible productivity.
Growth regulators are also important agrochemicals for orchards
These chemicals directly affect plant grow, and can be use to control various factors such as fruit size, shape, time to maturity, flower production, etc. These products are use in orchards and gardens to improve crop yields.
Fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and growth regulators are the main types of agrochemicals use in horticultural production. These chemicals can reduce damage caused by pests, diseases, weeds and climatic factors, providing the farmer with good food production. However, before applying any type of agrochemicals to an orchard. It is important to be sure to know the potential effects on the environment and to be careful when using them.
Damage generated by agrochemicals to horticultural crops
Agrochemicals, understood as chemicals used in agricultural production, are toxic products that can cause serious damage to plant health. These compounds include pesticides, chemical fertilizers, herbicides and fungicides. Because of their effectiveness in eliminating pests and diseases, and their low cost. Agrochemicals have become the preferred production method for horticultural crops. However, the adverse effects associated with the excessive use of agrochemicals, including damage to horticultural crops, are dangerous.
One of the main damages produced by agrochemicals on horticultural crops is the weakening of plant health. These chemicals contain toxic ingredients that. If used in excess, affect the growth rate and create harmful environmental conditions, which affect the survival of vegetables. Excessive use of pesticides can damage roots, leaves and flowers, sickening or damaging these parts of the plant. And eventually lead to the weakening of the plant as a whole.
In addition, an excess of chemical fertilizers can also poison horticultural crops
This is because these toxic substances accumulate in the soil, which means that over several different years the plants take up the same amounts of toxic nutrients. This means that vegetables can take up excess nitrates, phosphorus, nitrite and iron compounds, leading to the accumulation of heavy metals in plant tissues, with a detrimental and toxic effect.
Excessive use of agrochemicals can also lead to a decline in the quality and quantity of horticultural crops. This is because chemicals kill not only harmful insects, but also beneficial insects, thus undermining the biodiversity of the agricultural ecosystem. This means that the quality and quantity of crops will decrease, which is directly detrimental to food productivity and quality.
For these reasons, it is important to be prudent when using agrochemicals. The use of these chemicals should be based on careful planning in order to avoid harmful effects on horticultural crops. Those responsible for agricultural production should consider the use of ecological and organic techniques to provide the necessary protection to plants without endangering their health and quality. This means the application of alternative methods to mitigate the negative effects produced by agrochemicals, such as crop rotation, biological control or maintaining proper fertilization.
How to reduce the use of agrochemicals in horticultural crops with trellis netting
The overuse of agrochemicals on horticultural crops is one of the major problems associated with modern agriculture. Agrochemicals are chemicals generally used to control pests, diseases and weeds, and often have adverse effects on the environment as well as on humans. Fortunately, there are ways to reduce the use of agrochemicals in orchards using the application of trellising.
Trellising is a cotton fabric that is tie around the stems of a plant to give it support. This fabric forms a mesh when applied to the stems, and creates a support structure that supports the plant as it grows. This netting is also useful for blocking pests and weeds by providing a physical barrier in the soil that prevents them from invading the garden. This netting is also useful for reducing soil evaporation, which means less water is needed to irrigate crops.
In addition to providing a physical barrier against pests and weeds, trellising is also useful in reducing the risk of crop diseases
This mesh will cover the soil to prevent excessive moisture that can create conditions conducive to pest spread. In addition, some varieties of trellising can have physical and biological effects on some diseases, blocking pathogens from causing crop diseases. One way to decrease the use of agrochemicals with trellising is the application of selective insecticides to control pests. These products contain chemical compounds designed to kill specific pests without damaging the crops, the trellis will help restrict the area of insecticide application and ensure that even fewer insects enter the crops.
Trellising can help improve soil fertility. Trellising can be used to cover the furrows in which crops are planted to prevent soil erosion, maintain soil moisture content at an optimum level, and provide the right amount of shade to crops that prevents excessive evaporation of nutrients.
Using trellising as a way to reduce the use of agrochemicals on horticultural crops can be an effective way to improve orchard health and productivity while helping the environment. However, the application of trellising must be done properly to get the best results. A well-designed orchard with proper trellising can help keep pests and insect infestations under control while improving crop yields.