What are agrochemicals for horticultural crops?


Agrochemicals are chemicals use for horticultural crops. These products are natural, synthetic, biological, physical or organic chemicals. Applied to the soil to maintain good nutrition for fruit and vegetable production.

Agrochemicals can provide better protection against pests, diseases, open spaces, and favor the production of better quality vegetables. Fertilizers are the most common type of agrochemicals use in vegetable gardens. These products contain nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium to improve the nutrient value of the soil. These elements help promote plant growth, stimulate food production, enhance disease resistance, improve coloration, and can improve soil quality.

Pesticide applications are also a common choice of agrochemicals for vegetable crops. These products control, kill or organize the spread of insects. Weeds and other crop enemies that can damage or impair food production. Sometimes a mixture of different chemicals is necessary to combat all possible problems. Herbicides are also an important category of agrochemicals. These products control the presence of weeds in the soil. Weeds can affect food production by competing for nutrients and plant space. A good herbicide application helps keep crops healthy and strong, providing the best possible productivity.

Growth regulators are also important agrochemicals for orchards

These chemicals directly affect plant grow, and can be use to control various factors such as fruit size, shape, time to maturity, flower production, etc. These products are use in orchards and gardens to improve crop yields.

Fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and growth regulators are the main types of agrochemicals use in horticultural production. These chemicals can reduce damage caused by pests, diseases, weeds and climatic factors, providing the farmer with good food production. However, before applying any type of agrochemicals to an orchard. It is important to be sure to know the potential effects on the environment and to be careful when using them.

Tomato plant with raffia
Fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and growth regulators are the most commonly use agrochemicals in horticultural production.

Damage generated by agrochemicals to horticultural crops

Agrochemicals, understood as chemicals used in agricultural production, are toxic products that can cause serious damage to plant health. These compounds include pesticides, chemical fertilizers, herbicides and fungicides. Because of their effectiveness in eliminating pests and diseases, and their low cost. Agrochemicals have become the preferred production method for horticultural crops. However, the adverse effects associated with the excessive use of agrochemicals, including damage to horticultural crops, are dangerous.

One of the main damages produced by agrochemicals on horticultural crops is the weakening of plant health. These chemicals contain toxic ingredients that. If used in excess, affect the growth rate and create harmful environmental conditions, which affect the survival of vegetables. Excessive use of pesticides can damage roots, leaves and flowers, sickening or damaging these parts of the plant. And eventually lead to the weakening of the plant as a whole.

In addition, an excess of chemical fertilizers can also poison horticultural crops

This is because these toxic substances accumulate in the soil, which means that over several different years the plants take up the same amounts of toxic nutrients. This means that vegetables can take up excess nitrates, phosphorus, nitrite and iron compounds, leading to the accumulation of heavy metals in plant tissues, with a detrimental and toxic effect.

Excessive use of agrochemicals can also lead to a decline in the quality and quantity of horticultural crops. This is because chemicals kill not only harmful insects, but also beneficial insects, thus undermining the biodiversity of the agricultural ecosystem. This means that the quality and quantity of crops will decrease, which is directly detrimental to food productivity and quality.

For these reasons, it is important to be prudent when using agrochemicals. The use of these chemicals should be based on careful planning in order to avoid harmful effects on horticultural crops. Those responsible for agricultural production should consider the use of ecological and organic techniques to provide the necessary protection to plants without endangering their health and quality. This means the application of alternative methods to mitigate the negative effects produced by agrochemicals, such as crop rotation, biological control or maintaining proper fertilization.

Greenhouse with raffia string
The function of agrochemicals is to reduce damage caused by pests, diseases, weeds and climatic factors.

How to reduce the use of agrochemicals in horticultural crops with trellis netting

The overuse of agrochemicals on horticultural crops is one of the major problems associated with modern agriculture. Agrochemicals are chemicals generally used to control pests, diseases and weeds, and often have adverse effects on the environment as well as on humans. Fortunately, there are ways to reduce the use of agrochemicals in orchards using the application of trellising.

Trellising is a cotton fabric that is tie around the stems of a plant to give it support. This fabric forms a mesh when applied to the stems, and creates a support structure that supports the plant as it grows. This netting is also useful for blocking pests and weeds by providing a physical barrier in the soil that prevents them from invading the garden. This netting is also useful for reducing soil evaporation, which means less water is needed to irrigate crops.

In addition to providing a physical barrier against pests and weeds, trellising is also useful in reducing the risk of crop diseases

This mesh will cover the soil to prevent excessive moisture that can create conditions conducive to pest spread. In addition, some varieties of trellising can have physical and biological effects on some diseases, blocking pathogens from causing crop diseases. One way to decrease the use of agrochemicals with trellising is the application of selective insecticides to control pests. These products contain chemical compounds designed to kill specific pests without damaging the crops, the trellis will help restrict the area of insecticide application and ensure that even fewer insects enter the crops.

Trellising can help improve soil fertility. Trellising can be used to cover the furrows in which crops are planted to prevent soil erosion, maintain soil moisture content at an optimum level, and provide the right amount of shade to crops that prevents excessive evaporation of nutrients.

Using trellising as a way to reduce the use of agrochemicals on horticultural crops can be an effective way to improve orchard health and productivity while helping the environment. However, the application of trellising must be done properly to get the best results. A well-designed orchard with proper trellising can help keep pests and insect infestations under control while improving crop yields.

horticultural crops with white raffia string
It should be taken into account that when using agrochemicals, care should be taken to avoid harmful effects on crops due to the use of high amounts of chemicals.

More efficient ways to protect agricultural crops against phytopathogens


It is clear that the care of agricultural crops is of utmost importance for growers and farmers. As well as for the food security of the general population. However, pathogens can pose a threat to crops so it is crucial to find the best way to protect them.

In this regard, there are several techniques available to ensure that agricultural crops remain disease-free. From the use of biological control to pesticides to crop rotation. Each of these strategies can be use to prevent and reduce the spread of plant pathogens.

One of the most effective ways to deal with pathogens in crops is through biological control. Through this technique, particular pathogens are identify. That can be use to control the number of plant pathogens that are present on a farm. The organisms used include nematodes, lithopathogens, fungi, spiders, bacteria, etc. These organisms use pathogens to feed or compete, and in the process control the number of plant pathogens. This technique is relatively inexpensive and presents no risk to the environment or human health.

In addition to biological control, crop rotation is also a useful strategy to prevent the spread of plant pathogens

This means that farmers change the crops they plant in a field every year. This ensures that pathogens do not accumulate in one place for a long time and that crops are not expose to the same disease many times. In addition, crop rotation will also reduce the need for pesticides, saving costs for growers.

Finally, pesticides have also be use to deal with plant pathogens. However, this tool can be costly, in addition to posing a threat to the environment. Therefore, if pesticides are to be use, it is important to always follow Environmental Protection Agency guidelines to avoid potential problems to human health. There are several ways to ensure that agricultural crops are disease-free. From the use of biological control to crop rotation to pesticides, each of these techniques has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, to determine which strategy will be best for any farming operation, growers have to consider many factors, including cost, environmental impact and level of effectiveness. At the same time, they must also take appropriate measures to keep pathogens under control. In this way, growers can not only ensure that their crops are protect, but also contribute to global food security.

Greenhouse with balck raffia string
Agricultural crop care is of utmost importance to growers and farmers, pathogens can pose a threat to crops.

Most damaging phytopathogens that can infect agricultural crops

Plant pathogens are organisms (usually fungi or bacteria) that can make plants sick, causing significant damage or losses to agricultural crops. These diseases are usually spread by wind, soil, water or insects, and many of them can kill crops if not treat quickly and effectively.

The most damaging plant pathogens that agricultural crops can contract are as follows:

Downy mildew: Downy mildew is one of the most common and damaging plant pathogens to agricultural crops. It is a fungus that affects numerous plants, including herb, fruit and vegetable crops. This disease produces a gray mold on the upper leaves and usually results in leaf desiccation, and if the infection is not treat in time, it can kill all infected plants.

Aphids: Aphids are small, brown or green insects that are often very dangerous to agricultural crops. These pests feed on plant sap, causing rickets, desiccation and plant death. To treat this aphid infestation, a combination of preventive chemical treatments along with biological treatments is recommend to eliminate them.

Root rot: Root rot, also known as “melon smile disease”, is a very common disease of cereals, fruits and vegetables. This disease is characterize by the appearance of brown or gray spots on the roots or stem of the plant, leading to plant deterioration and, in advanced cases, death. Treatments for this disease usually consist of moisture control, fungicide treatment and alteration of growing conditions.

Race spot: Race spot is a disease cause by a fungus that affects many different crops, especially rice. This disease contributes to plant weakening, resulting in yellowing and death of stems and leaves. To combat it, a combination of chemical and cultural treatments is require.

Powdery mildew: Powdery mildew is a fungus that causes the destruction of the aerial part of plants, reducing their crop yield. This disease causes a brownish-gray appearance on leaves and destruction of fruits and flowers. To control powdery mildew infestation, the most common treatment is the use of specific fungicides.

Raffia string installed on plant
Plant pathogens are organisms (usually fungi or bacteria) that can infect plants and cause significant crop losses.

These are some of the most damaging phytopathogenic diseases that can affect agricultural crops

To prevent the occurrence of these pathogens, it is important to establish appropriate good agricultural practices, such as crop rotation and the proper use of chemical and biological treatments. In addition, it is important to keep fields clean and reduce weed and other debris loads, which reduces the risk of infection. If the infection is detected early, good disease management can help mitigate the negative effects on crops, reducing the amount of damage and yield loss.

How trellising helps protect agricultural crops from phytopathogens

Trellising is one of the most effective protection materials for the cultivation of agricultural crops. This netting is used to provide a physical barrier against different types of pests and pathogens, keeping crops safe and healthy. This is because the netting prevents insects and pathogens from invading crops. Trellising ensures that crops are safe from lethal pests and pathogens, which increases productivity and provides healthy crops.

Primarily, trellis netting is a thin tarpaulin made of weather-resistant synthetic fibers. This netting is mounted on a wire trellis structure, also known as a wire trellis. This structure kicks over the ground surrounding the crop and holds the netting around it to create an effective physical barrier against the entry of pests and pathogens. Because of its strong material, trellis netting is also used to protect crops from sudden changes in weather, which can damage crops.

agricultural crops yields
Trellis netting is used to provide a physical barrier against different types of pests and pathogens, keeping crops safe.

It also offers a variety of other benefits for growers

First, it provides sun protection for crops, which reduces crop stress and improves yields. This results in higher yields and higher quality crops. In addition, the netting will encourage wildlife such as birds, animals and pests to avoid the paddy field, which improves production since there is no competition for food. In addition to providing a physical barrier to protect crops against plant pathogens, trellising is extremely weather resistant, allowing growers to use the netting year-round without having to worry about constantly replacing it. The netting also reduces crop maintenance costs as it is cheaper than using fertilizers and other insecticides. This netting saves time and money at the same time.

Trellising is an effective way to protect crops against pathogens. This netting prevents pathogens from entering the crop field, which improves crop production and quality and increases farmers’ profitability. This netting also provides weather protection, which helps ensure crop stability throughout the year. With all these benefits, trellising has become an indispensable material in agriculture for protecting crops from lethal pests and pathogens.